[asterisk-dev] DTMF detection in dsp.c intolerant?

Eric "ManxPower" Wieling eric at fnords.org
Wed Aug 22 08:00:57 CDT 2007

relaxdtmf=yes is the most common cause of this issue.

Tony Mountifield wrote:
> I'm posting this to -dev because I believe the answer will relate to the
> code in dsp.c for DTMF detection.
> I have a system connected to the PSTN using EuroISDN over E1 with aLaw
> encoding. When it has answered a call, it listens for a DTMF string which
> contains command codes for the specific application.
> Asterisk seems to be very intolerant of slight discrepancies in the DTMF
> tones. We are finding that with calls from certain locations, it will
> often miss digits, even though to the ear the audio sounds clear. Calls
> from other locations will be completely reliable.
> I have the system capturing pre-DSP aLaw audio, so I can decode by hand
> and see which digits are missing (using Goldwave's spectrum display
> feature).
> Here are two examples of separate calls sending the same string:
> http://www.softins.co.uk/dtmf-call-31360.wav
> http://www.softins.co.uk/dtmf-call-31361.wav
> The string sent in both cases was *82779736*91856360**
> In both cases, Asterisk failed to detect the third 7, and returned the
> string *8277936*91856360**
> The audio sounds good to me, so I am at a loss as to what Asterisk didn't
> like. Particularly as it failed in the same way on both occasions, which
> suggests it is not something random such as a system load peak.
> The string is always originated by a GSM mobile, and my understanding is
> that DTMF is sent as out-of-band signalling over GSM and then re-generated
> by the GSM to PSTN gateway. Is that correct? So the tones ought to be good.
> If anyone has the time and interest to check out these files and offer
> any insights, I would be very grateful indeed. DSP is not my field!
> I have a number of other recordings where the tones sound ok but Asterisk
> doesn't like them.
> Thanks in advance!
> Cheers
> Tony

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